Graellsia, Vol 72, No 1 (2016)

Morfología del huevo ovárico en calcidoideos (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) parasitoides de avispas de las agallas (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae)


https://doi.org/10.3989/graellsia.2016.v72.165

H. Vårdal
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology, España

J. F. Gómez
Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España

J. L. Nieves-Aldrey
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, España

Resumen


En el presente trabajo se aportan datos morfol.gicos del huevo de 26 especies del Paleártico occidental pertenecientes a 5 familias de Chalcidoidea asociadas con agallas de cinípidos (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae), incluyendo los primeros datos del huevo de especies de Ormyridae. Los ejemplares adultos de las especies estudiadas fueron obtenidos por emergencia de agallas en laboratorio, los ovarios de las hembras diseccionados para obtener los huevos, que fueron finalmente estudiados utilizando técnicas de microscopía electronica de barrido. La forma de los huevos estudiados varía de ovalada a alargada y ahusada en ambos extremos. Los huevos de Eurytomidae, así como algunos de Eulophidae, Eupelmidae y Pteromalidae están provistos de un pedúnculo en el extremo anterior. Se encontró una correlación positiva entre aquellos huevos elongados y la presencia de ovipositores largos en las hembras, confirmándose también la hipótesis esperada de que los huevos de especies endoparasitoides son generalmente más cortos y estrechos que los de los ectoparasitoides. Por otro lado los estudios de ultraestructura en los huevos de varias especies han permitido la localización del punto de entrada de esperma o micropilo. Este se encuentra situado bien en el extremo anterior del huevo o bien en el extremo del pedúnculo cuando está presente. Además, por primera vez se estudia y se describe la ultraestructura de la cáscara del huevo de la especie endoparasitoide Sycophila biguttata (Swederus, 1795) (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) y del ectoparasitoide Cecidostiba fungosa (Geoffroy, 1785) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).

Palabras clave


ultraestructura del huevo de chalcidoidea; micropilo; cáscara de huevo; modo de parasitismo; estados inmaduros

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