Graellsia, Vol 72, No 1 (2016)

Los crisópidos de la Península Ibérica y Baleares (Insecta, Neuropterida, Neuroptera: Chrysopidae)


https://doi.org/10.3989/graellsia.2016.v72.143

V. J. Monserrat
Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biología, Universidad Complutense, España

Resumen


Se revisan las especies de crisópidos presentes en la fauna de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares donde, hasta la fecha, están representadas por 50 especies pertenecientes a 13 géneros. Tras una diagnosis de la familia y citar algunos elementos sobre su historial paleontológico y su distribución, se aportan algunos datos generales sobre su morfología y su biología, sus estadios juveniles y comportamiento, y se comenta una breve introducción sobre la historia en el conocimiento de la familia, y en particular en la Península Ibérica y Baleares. Se anotan algunas correcciones en las fechas de publicación de algunos taxa que afectan a la taxonomía, y por ello se propone a Rexa almerai (Navás, 1919) n. comb. como sinónima anterior de Rexa lordina Navás, 1920 n. syn. Se incluye una lista de las especies pertenecientes a la fauna de la Península Ibérica y Baleares, una clave de identificación de los imagos de las subfamilias, géneros y especies citadas, y una clave de sus larvas a nivel genérico. De cada una de estas especies se recopilan y se anotan todas las referencias bibliográficas existentes desde 1972, relativas a las especies de la zona estudiada, tanto con la denominación actualmente aceptada, como de sus sinonimias y/o cualquier otra combinación nomenclatural bajo las cuales han sido citadas. También de cada una de las especies se anotan los datos conocidos y los ahora aportados (299 nuevos ejemplares de 25 especies) sobre su distribución general, aspectos de su morfología externa y/o genital, así como de su variabilidad, estadios juveniles, biología, fenología y distribución altitudinal y geográfica en la península y archipiélago balear, en base a un total de 20.667 ejemplares estudiados.

Palabras clave


Insecta; Neuroptera; Chrysopidae; Revisión; Taxonomía; Faunística; Morfología; Península Ibérica; Islas Baleares; España; Portugal

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Referencias


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Monserrat, V. J., 1978a. Contribución al conocimiento de los Neurópteros de Orense (Neu. Planipennia). Boletín de la Asociación Espa-ola de Entomología, 2: 169-184.

Monserrat, V. J., 1978b. Primera contribución al conocimiento de los Neurópteros de Cádiz (Insecta, Neuroptera, Planipennia). Boletín de la Real Sociedad Espa-ola de Historia Natural, Sección Biológica, 76: 57-70.

Monserrat, V. J., 1979a. Segunda contribución al conocimiento de los neurópteros de Cádiz (Insecta, Planipennia). Boletín de la Real Sociedad Espa-ola de Historia Natural, Sección Biológica, 77: 409-417.

Monserrat, V. J., 1979b. Sobre los Neurópteros Ibéricos (II) (Neuroptera, Planipennia). Boletín de la Asociación Espa-ola de Entomología, 3: 17-21.

Monserrat, V. J., 1979c. Estudio de la armadura genital de Chrysopa alarconi Navás, 1915 y su inclusión en el género Anisochrysa (Neuropt. Chrysopidae). Graellsia, 33: 97-101.

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Monserrat, V. J., 1980b. Contribución al conocimiento de los Neurópteros de Toledo. Graellsia, [1978], 34: 177-193.

Monserrat, V. J., 1981a. Sobre los Neurópteros Ibéricos (III) (Neuroptera, Planipennia). Boletín de la Asociación Espa-ola de Entomología, [1980], 4: 151-156.

Monserrat, V. J., 1981b. Contribución al conocimiento de los Neurópteros de Italia (Neuroptera, Planipennia). Neuroptera International, 1: 48-64.

Monserrat, V. J., 1982. Contribución al conocimiento de los neurópteros de Cáceres (Neur., Planipennia). Graellsia, 38: 67-84.

Monserrat, V. J., 1984a. Contribución al conocimiento de los neurópteros de Huesca (Neuroptera, Planipennia). Pirineos, 121: 29-50.

Monserrat, V. J., 1984b. Contribución al conocimiento de los neurópteros de Salamanca (Neur., Planipennia). Eos, [1983], 59): 165-177.

Monserrat, V. J., 1984c. Estadios larvarios de los neurópteros ibéricos. III: Anisochrysa genei (Neur., Plan., Chrysopidae). Neuroptera International, 3(1): 13-21.

Monserrat, V. J., 1984d. Contribución al conocimiento de los neurópteros de Alicante (Neur., Planipennia). Mediterránea, Serie de Estudios Biológicos, 7: 91-116. http://dx.doi.org/10.14198/MDTRRA1984.7.07

Monserrat, V. J., 1984e. Contribución al conocimiento de los neurópteros de Zamora (Neur. Planipennia). Miscellània Zoològica, 8: 153-163.

Monserrat, V. J., 1984f. Correcciones a las citas de Coniopterígidos (Insecta, Planipennia, Coniopterygidae) dadas por L. Navás. Miscellània Zoològica, 8: 145-151.

Monserrat, V. J., 1985a. Lista de los tipos de Mecoptera y Neuroptera (Insecta) de la colección L. Navàs, depositados en el Museo de Zoología de Barcelona. Miscellània Zoològica, 9: 233-243.

Monserrat, V. J., 1985b. Contribución al conocimiento de los Neurópteros (Neuroptera: Planipennia) de Murcia. Anales de Biología (Biología Animal), 1: 81-94.

Monserrat, V. J., 1985c. Contribución al conocimiento de los neurópteros de Lugo (Neur., Planipennia). Trabajos Compostelanos de Biología, 12: 87-98.

Monserrat, V. J., 1986a. Sinopsis de los hemeróbidos de la Península Ibérica (Neuroptera, Planipennia, Hemerobiidae). Actas de las VIII Jornadas de la Asociación espa-ola de Entomología, Sevilla: 1200-1223.

Monserrat, V. J., 1986b. Sobre los Neurópteros ibéricos (IV) (Neur.). Boletín de la Asociación Espa-ola de Entomología, 10: 95-105.

Monserrat, V. J., 1986c. Longinos Navás, his neuropterological work and collection. In: Gepp, J., Aspöck, H. & Hölzel, H. (eds.). Recent Research in Neuropterology (Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Neuropterology, Hamburg, 1984). Graz: 173-176.

Monserrat, V. J., 1987. Contribución al conocimiento de los Neurópteros de Almería (Neur., Planipennia). Graellsia, [1986], 42: 131-147.

Monserrat, V. J., 1989. Estadios larvarios de los neurópteros ibéricos. II: Mallada subcubitalis (Planipennia: Chrysopidae). Neuroptera International, 5(3): 125-132.

Monserrat, V. J., 1990. Revision de la obra de L. Navas, II: El genero Micromus Rambur, 1842 (Neuropteroidea, Planipennia: Hemerobiidae). Graellsia, 46: 175-190.

Monserrat, V. J., 1991. Nuevos datos sobre los hemeróbidos ibéricos (Insecta, Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae). Zoologica Baetica, 2: 101-113.

Monserrat, V. J., 1996. Lista de los neurópteros de Aragón (Megaloptera, Raphidioptera, Planipennia). Catalogus de la entomofauna Aragonesa, 11: 11-17.

Monserrat, V. J., 2005. Catálogo de los Neurópteros de Baleares con nuevos datos sobre su fauna (Insecta, Neuroptera). Bolletí de la Societat d’Història Natural de les Balears, 48: 71-85.

Monserrat, V. J., 2008. Nuevos datos sobre algunas especies de crisópidos (Insecta: Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Heteropterus Revista de Entomología, 8(2): 171-196.

Monserrat, V. J., 2010. Nuevas o interesantes citas de neurópteros en la Península Ibérica (Insecta: Neuroptera). Heteropterus Revista de Entomología, 10(1): 19-34.

Monserrat, V. J., 2011. Sobre algunas especies de neurópteros de la Península Ibérica y de las Islas Canarias de posición taxonómica problemática o con citas dudosas o cuestionables (Insecta, Neuroptera: Megaloptera, Planipennia). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 49: 153-178.

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Monserrat, V. J., Acevedo, F. & Pantaleoni, R. A., 2014. Nuevos datos sobre algunas especies de crisópidos de la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias (Insecta, Neuroptera, Chrysopidae). Graellsia, 70(1): e002, 39 pp.

Monserrat, V. J. & Díaz-Aranda, L. M., 1987. Contribución al conocimiento de los neurópteros (Neur.: Raphidioptera, Planipennia) de Cuenca. Boletín de la Asociación Espa-ola de Entomología, 11: 171-189.

Monserrat, V. J. & Díaz-Aranda, L. M., 1988. Contribución al conocimiento de los Neurópteros de Castellón (Insecta, Neuropteroidea, Planipennia). Mediterránea, Serie de Estudios Biológicos, 10: 87-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.14198/MDTRRA1988.10.07

Monserrat, V. J. & Díaz-Aranda, L. M., 1989a. Suaris walsinghami Navás, 1914 nuevo crisópido para la fauna europea (Neuroptera, Chrysopidae). Nouvelle Revue d'Entomologie, 6(4): 407-411.

Monserrat, V. J. & Díaz-Aranda, L. M., 1989b. Contribución al conocimiento de los Neurópteros de Castellón (Insecta, Neuropteroidea, Planipennia). Mediterránea, Serie de Estudios Biológicos, 11: 47-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.14198/MDTRRA1989.11.04

Monserrat, V. J. & Díaz-Aranda, L. M., 1989c. Nuevos datos sobre los crisópidos ibéricos (Neuroptera, Planipennia: Chrysopidae). Boletín de la Asociación Espa-ola de Entomología, 13: 251-267.

Monserrat, V. J. & Díaz-Aranda, L. M., 2012. Los estadios larvarios de los Crisópidos ibéricos (Insecta, Neuroptera, Chrysopidae), nuevos elementos sobre la morfología larvaria aplicables a la sistemática de la familia. Graellsia, 68(1): 31-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/graellsia.2012.v68.055

Monserrat, V. J., Díaz-Aranda, L. M. & Hölzel, H., 1991. Contribución al conocimiento de los neurópteros de Marruecos (Insecta, Neuropteroidea). Eos, 66: 101-115.

Monserrat, V. J. & Freitas, S. de., 2005. Contribución al conocimiento de los crisópidos de Coquimbo, Patagonia y Tierra del Fuego (Argentina, Chile) (Insecta, Neuroptera, Chrysopidae). Graellsia, 61: 163-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/graellsia.2005.v61.i2.18

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